A Comparative Study of the Effect of Implicit and Delayed, Explicit Focus on Form on Iranian EFL Learners’ Accuracy of Oral Production

| May 28, 2007
Title
A Comparative Study of the Effect of Implicit and Delayed, Explicit Focus on Form on
Iranian EFL Learners Accuracy of Oral Production

Author
Masood Siyyari
Iran University of Science and Technology Department of Foreign Languages
Abstract
The present study was conducted to compare the effect of implicit focus on form through corrective recast with the effect of delayed, explicit focus on form. To fulfill the purpose of the study, 60 intermediate learners of Kish Language Institute were chosen by means of administering an achievement test. These learners were pretested through a structured interview to check their current accuracy level regarding the oral production of four structures. Based on the results of the pretest, two matched groups, one as the experimental group and the other as the comparison group, were formed. Then, both groups were provided with twelve tasks about the aimed structures in the study. Of course, the experimental group underwent focus on form implicitly through corrective recast, while the comparison group was provided with delayed, explicit focus on form. After twelve sessions of treatment, the two groups were posttested through another structured interview. The scores of the participants demonstrated that the experimental group outperformed the comparison group in terms of the average accuracy gains. The analysis of the data was done through the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and t-test. Finally, it was concluded that implicit focus on form through corrective recast can lead to higher accuracy in oral production in comparison to delayed, explicit focus on form.

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Category: Thesis