On the Effects of Economization and Disambiguation in the Production of EFL Learners

| February 5, 2005
Title
On the Effects of Economization and Disambiguation in the Production of EFL Learners

Keywords: No Keywords

Author
Forood Sepassi & Amin Marzban
Azad University, Shiraz

Abstract
This study explored the effect of “Economization and Disambiguation” paradigms on English language production in order to seek psychological validity for the cognitive accounts of language processing involving Iranian learners of English. The participants consisted of 41 junior students of English Translation at Shiraz Azad University. Two groups of structures served as a recall task in the form of 20 pairs of sentences with each of two clauses designed in the reverse order. One group had the pronoun he at the beginning of the subordinate clause and the other you.

Upon exposure to these pairs, participants were instructed on how to combine the two clauses using the complementizer that when deemed necessary and report the result to an interlocutor.

Analysis of the results revealed that those pairs of sentences having the pronoun he took fewer thats than those having you. Results of a series of t-tests showed significant difference between the reconstruction of sentences in the two groups. The paradigms of disambiguation and economization came to surface through the above-mentioned task.
The said paradigms proved themselves as useful strategies resorted to in foreign language production.

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Category: Teaching Articles, Volume 2